Gold prices saw an increase on Tuesday as the dollar weakened, with traders eagerly awaiting key economic data from China and the United States scheduled for the week. The upcoming speech by US Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell also added to the anticipation as market participants sought insights into the potential impact of rate hikes.
By 0402 GMT, spot gold had risen by 0.3% to reach $1,928.14 per ounce, while US gold futures experienced a 0.2% increase, reaching $1,937.70. Ilya Spivak, the head of global macro at Tastylive, highlighted the potential scenario where a falling dollar coincides with slightly higher yields. In such a case, gold might face some challenges but is likely to remain stable, while silver, platinum, and palladium enjoy upward movement.
The dollar index observed a decline of 0.1%, making gold priced in greenbacks more appealing to foreign investors. Concurrently, benchmark US yields were at session highs, rebounding from a nearly three-week low witnessed in the previous session. These factors contributed to the increased attractiveness of gold as an investment option.
Throughout the week, market participants eagerly awaited the release of significant economic data, such as China's Purchasing Managers' Index and a crucial US inflation gauge. These indicators were expected to offer a clearer understanding of the macroeconomic situation. Furthermore, attention was directed towards Fed Chair Jerome Powell's scheduled speech at the policy panel before the European Central Bank Forum in Sintra. His remarks held the potential to influence market sentiment and expectations regarding potential rate hikes.
Ilya Spivak expressed concern about the possibility of the core personal consumption expenditure remaining unchanged at 4.7%, as this outcome could be interpreted by traders as an indication of more rate hikes in the near future. Such a development could potentially dampen market-wide risk appetite. Investors currently anticipate a 74% chance of a rate hike in July, while rate cuts are foreseen to take place starting from 2024. High interest rates tend to discourage investments in non-yielding assets like gold, which is typically sought after during periods of economic uncertainty.
Forex traders closely monitor the movements in gold prices as they are often influenced by changes in the value of the dollar. A weaker dollar tends to make gold more attractive for overseas buyers, as witnessed in the recent uptick in gold prices. Forex traders also pay close attention to economic data releases, such as the Purchasing Managers' Index and inflation gauges, as these indicators provide valuable insights into the overall health of the economy. Moreover, speeches by central bank officials, like Fed Chair Jerome Powell, can have a significant impact on Forex markets, as their statements shape market expectations regarding future monetary policy decisions. Therefore, Forex traders are likely to consider the potential implications of Powell's speech on the direction of the dollar and other currencies. By analyzing these factors, Forex traders can make informed decisions and capitalize on the opportunities presented by the movements in gold prices.